A static website is a website that is designed, created and then hosted by a website designer and is usually programmed using a static language like HTML or XHTML. Once the website is online, any changes that are needed require a website designer, or someone that knows how to edit, create or delete web pages.
Typically, static websites are much simpler to create a content managed website, due to the fact that no database needs to be created.
Advantages of a Static Website
*Less cost involved
*Simpler to create and host
*Quick to download on lower bandwidths
Disadvantages of a Static Website
*Could cost you more in the long run
depending on the frequency of the updates
*Long change process as you have to wait
for a website designer to have the time to
make your changes
*Not as much functionality, so you website
could be lacking against your competitors
Content Management System (CMS) For a Website
If a business decides that they want to sell their products online, update their website content when they need to and capture customer details, then a content management system is more than likely to be the best solution.
A content management system is a system that allows users to add, edit, update and delete their website content quickly and easily through the use of an administration section on their website and a database (usually MySQL, MSSQL or Access.) Content management systems use server side scripting languages such as PHP, ASP or ASP.net.
The database is used to store information that the user enters via the administration section, and data is retrieved from it each time a user accesses the content managed website.
A content management system is suitable for all types and sizes of businesses, and it can be used to drive all types of content, including text, documents, sound, video and much more.
Advantages of a Content Management
*Content can be changed on the website
as frequently as is needed, without having
to use a website designer or know HTML
*Changes can be made immediately due
to a much shorter change process
*Can be cheaper than a static website in
the longer term
*Easier to budget for ongoing costs than a
Disadvantages of a Content
*Initial cost is normally higher than a
*May be slightly slower for users on low
bandwidths than a static website
*Training may be needed depending on
the complexity of a content management
Article Source: http://www.seopt.com/articles/cms-or-static-website.html